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Hypoglycemia - Symptoms and Treatment

Hypoglycemia is a type of situation in which the sugar level goes down abnormally it is a medical condition that affects diabetics. Hypoglycemia occurs when a patient's blood sugar drops seriously below normal. Mild hypoglycemia can easily be reversed by the intake of sugar, serious cases may result in confusion, unconsciousness and even death.In this disease deficiency of sugar in the blood caused by too much insulin or too little glucose.

Causes of Hypoglycemia

Following are the cause for hypoglycemia:

1) Over production of insulin in body this condition is called as hyperinsulinemia

2) Mistaken use of diabetes medication drugs

3) Excess alcohol intake : resulting in blocking the process of glucose production and depleting your body's store of glycogen.

4) Some kind of illness like severe illness of lever and kidney failure.

5) Endocrine deficiency

6) Increased activity or exercise

7) Meals or snacks that are too small, delayed, or skipped

Symptoms of hypoglycemia

Some common symptoms are:

  • hunger
  • nervousness and shakiness
  • perspiration
  • dizziness or light-headedness
  • sleepiness
  • confusion
  • difficulty speaking
  • feeling anxious or weak

Treatment for hypoglycemia

Some treatment methods are:

  • eat small meals and snacks about every 3 hours
  • exercise regularly
  • eat a variety of foods, including meat, poultry, fish, or nonmeat sources of protein; starchy foods such as whole-grain bread, rice, and potatoes; fruits; vegetables; and dairy products
  • choose high-fiber foods
  • avoid or limit foods high in sugar, especially on an empty stomach
  • if medication is required your doctor will prescribe it to you
  • Urgent treatment to raise blood sugar level


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