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Diabetes - Symptoms and Treatment

Diabetes is a kind of disorder of metabolism in which there is excessive urination and persistent thirst, this happens when body does not properly control the amount of sugar in blood and the quantity of sugar levels get high above the normal, mainly due to less production of insulin harmone which controls the glucose level in body and is necessary to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy.

Diabetes is a life-long disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. People with diabetes are very susceptible to kidney failure because diabetes affects the blood supply to the kidneys.There are two types of diabetes viz. insulin-dependent (type I) and non-insulin dependent (type II).

Causes of Diabetes

1) Family history or inhereted disease

2) High blood pressure or High blood cholesterol level

3) High blood levels of triglycerides (a type of fat molecule)

4) Obesity or greater age

5) Less physical work and problem with pancreas

6) Environmental factors like enteroviral infections -especially Coxsackie B infections

Symptoms of Diabetes

Follwong are symptoms of diabetes

  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss in spite of increased appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing infections
  • Impotence in men
  • Increased thirst

Treatment of Diabetes

Diabetes is not fully curable but a person can easily manage it follwoing some guidelines and medication. Blood sugar can be effectively managed through diet, weight loss, and physical activity if your weight is normal and blood glucose is not manegable then doctor can prescribe oral diabetes medications to control it. There are five classes of medications available these are:

1) Sulfonylureas

2) Biguanides

3) Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

4) Meglitinides

5) Thiazolidinediones

Insulin is also given in form of injections if patients pancreas has stopped producing insulin altogether. Efforts should be done to control sugar level through proper diet and exercise as suggested by doctor.


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