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Acrocyanosis - Symptoms and Treatment

Acrocyanosis refer to a persistent blue or cyanotic discoloration of the digits, most commonly occuring in the hands although also occurring in the face and feet as well. It can arise from a neurohormonal disorder of the cardiovascular system , and it can also arise acutely due to shock. Acrocyanosis can also be a sign of a sinister but slow-growing disease such as cardiac failure. Acrocyanosis is persistent, painless, symmetric cyanosis of the hands, feet, or face caused by vasospasm of the small vessels of the skin in response to cold. Acrocyanosis usually occurs in women and is not associated with occlusive arterial disease. In acrocyanosis, unlike Raynaud's phenomenon, cyanosis persists and is not easily reversed, trophic changes and ulcers do not occur, and pain is absent. Pulses are normal. Treatment, other than reassurance and avoidance of cold, is usually unnecessary. Vasodilators may be tried but are usually ineffective.

Acrocyanosis is a disorder that affects the arteries supplying blood to the skin of the hands and feet. The spasm of the blood vessels decreases the amount of blood that passes through them, resulting in less blood being delivered to the hands and feet. The affected areas turn blue and become cold and sweaty. Localized swelling may also occur. Acrocyanosis is seen more frequently in woman than in men. Symptoms include persistently cold temperature and blue discoloration, sweaty or moist skin, and swelling. Treatment includes insulated boots, thin polypropylene liner socks to wick the moisture away from the skin, and an insulated sock to maintain normal skin temperature.

Symptoms of Acrocyanosis

Some common Symptoms of Acrocyanosis :

  • Painless.
  • Feet and face.
  • Increased sweating.
  • Blue and cold hands.



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