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Hypersplenism - Symptoms and Treatment


Hypersplenism is increased activity of the spleen caused by tumors, anemia , malaria , tuberculosis , and various connective tissue and inflammatory diseases. Symptoms include an enlarged spleen that is often accompanied by a low level of one or more types of blood cells. The enlarged spleen can cause stomach pain on the left side, as well as a premature feeling of fullness after eating. The spleen is located in the upper left area of the abdomen. One of this organ's major functions is to remove blood cells from the body's bloodstream. In hypersplenism, its normal function accelerates, and it begins to automatically remove cells that may still be normal in function. Sometimes, the spleen will temporarily hold onto up to 90% of the body's platelets and 45% of the red blood cells. Hypersplenism may occur as a primary disease, leading to other complications, or as a secondary disease, resulting from an underlying disease or disorder. Hypersplenism is sometimes referred to as enlarged spleen (splenomegaly).

Symptoms of Hypersplenism

Some common Symptoms of Hypersplenism :

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Bleeding.
  • Infection.
  • Anaemia.

 

 


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